Jump to content
The Official Site of the Vancouver Canucks
Canucks Community

Nevermind The Apocalypse: Earliest Mayan Calendar Found


Recommended Posts

Nevermind the Apocalypse: Earliest Mayan Calendar Found

Stephanie Pappas, LiveScience Senior Writer

Date: 10 May 2012 Time: 01:56 PM ET

http://www.livescien...n-calendar.html A Maya king, seated and wearing an elaborate head dress of blue feathers, adorns the north wall of the ruined house discovered at the Maya site of Xultún. An attendant, at right, leans out from behind the king’s head dress. The painting by artist Heather Hurst recreates the design and colors of the original Maya artwork at the site.

CREDIT: Heather Hurst, copyright National Geographic Society

View full size image

The oldest-known version of the ancient Maya calendar has been discovered adorning a lavishly painted wall in the ruins of a city deep in the Guatemalan rainforest.

The hieroglyphs, painted in black and red, along with a colorful mural of a king and his mysterious attendants, seem to have been a sort of handy reference chart for court scribes in A.D. 800 — the astronomers and mathematicians of their day. Contrary to popular myth, this calendar isn't a countdown to the end of the world in December 2012, the study researchers said.

"The Mayan calendar is going to keep going for billions, trillions, octillions of years into the future," said archaeologist David Stuart of the University of Texas, who worked to decipher the glyphs. "Numbers we can't even wrap our heads around." [End of the World? Top Doomsday Fears]

A brilliant surprise

The newly discovered calendar is complex indeed, featuring stacked bars and dots representing fives and ones and recording lunar cycles in six-month chunks of time. But it wasn't these mathematical notations that first caught the archeologists' eye. William Saturno, an archaeologist from Boston University, was mapping the ancient Maya city of Xultun in northeast Guatemala in 2010 when one of his undergraduate students peered into an old trench dug by looters and reported seeing traces of ancient paint.

The discovery was "certainly nothing to write home about," Saturno told reporters on Thursday (May 10), in advance of releasing details of the murals in this week's issue of the journal Science. Paint doesn't preserve well in the rain forest climate of Guatemala, and Saturno figured that the faint red and black lines his student had found weren't going to yield much information. But he felt he had a responsibility to excavate the room the looters had tried to reach, if only to be able to report the size of the structure along with the paint finding.

View full size image

As Saturno continued along the old trench to the back wall, he was shocked to run into a brilliantly painted portrait: a Mayan king, sitting on his throne, wearing a red crown with blue feathers flowing out behind him. Another figure peeks out from behind him. On an adjoining wall, three loincloth-clad figures sit, wearing feathered headdresses. One is captioned "Older Brother Obsidian," or "Senior Obsidian," a still-mysterious title. Next to the king, a man painted in brilliant orange wearing jade bracelets reaches out with a stylus, likely identifying him as a scribe. He is labeled as "Younger Brother Obsidian," or perhaps "Junior Obsidian." [See Photos of the Mayan murals]

It's not the end of the world

These paintings — covering the west and north walls of the small, 6-foot-by-6-foot room — weren't the only surprise Xultun had to offer. On the east wall, someone had painted a series of small, complex hieroglyphics. This, the researchers soon realized, was a calendar.

The calendar seemed to have been added after the murals were completed, as some of the numbers cover up painted figures on the wall. It's almost as if an ancient scribe got sick of flipping through a document to find his timekeeping chart and decided to put it on the wall for at-a-glance reference, Stuart said.

"It's kind of like having a whiteboard in your office where you're writing down formulas that you want to remember," he said.

The Maya recorded time in a series of cycles, including 400-year chunks called baktuns. It's these baktuns that have led to rumors of an end-of-the-world catastrophe on Dec. 21, 2012 — on that date, a cycle of 13 baktuns will be complete. But the idea that this meansthe end of the world is a misconception, Stuart said. In fact, Maya experts have known for a long time that the calendar doesn't end after the 13th baktun. It simply begins a new cycle. And the calendar encompasses much larger units than the baktun.

View full size image

"There were 24 units of time they actually could have incorporated into their calendar," Stuart said. "Here, we're only seeing five units and they're still really big."

In one column, the ancient scribe even worked out a cycle of time recording 17 baktuns, the researchers found. In another spot, someone etched a "ring number" into the wall. These notations were used to record time in a previous cycle, thousands of years into the past. The calendar also appears to note the cycles of Mars and Venus, the researchers said.Symbols of gods head the top of each lunar cycle, suggesting that each cycle had its own patron deity.

"There was a lot more to the Maya calendar than just 13 baktuns," Stuart said.

Scratching the surface

This ancient "wall calendar" is a major find, because the first known calendar and astronomical tables before this time came from the Dresden Codex, a book that dates to the 11th or 12th centuries. Most likely, Saturno said, the wall calendar and the Dresden Codex both arose from earlier books that long ago rotted away. [8 Grisly Archaeological Discoveries]

The mural room gives an unprecedented glimpse into the work lives of Mayan scientists, Stuart said. The mural room is in a compound with several other rooms, which were collapsed and built over in later years. The murals only survived, because, instead of collapsing the room, Mayan engineers filled it with rubble and then built on top of it.

"This is clearly a space where someone important was living, this important household of the noble class, and here you also have a mathematician working in that space," Stuart said. "It's a great illustration of how closely those roles were connected in Mayan society."

Kings would have been extremely interested in timekeeping, Stuart said, because part of their job was to conduct rituals of renewal at certain times. Unfortunately, the name of the king pictured in the mural room has been lost.

Although Xultun was first discovered in 1915, less than 0.1 percent has been explored, Saturno said. Looters damaged much of the ancient city in the 1970s, meaning much of historical significance has been lost. But archaeologists still don't even know how far the boundaries of the town extend.

"[That] investigations can begin and in a house like this we can find something we've never seen before only speaks to the great wealth of scientific material that remains in Guatemala in the Maya area for us to discover," Saturno said.

The excavations of the mural room were funded by the National Geographic Society.

http://www.livescien...n-calendar.html

:unsure:

So uh... yeah, how about that.

Link to comment
Share on other sites

Anyone that thought the world ended because that's how far the Calender went should realise that the world really ends in February of next year 'cuz that's when the Canucks calender on the wall at home ends..........

(Or said another way, maybe they just decided to make calenders +1000 years ahead as a future observation tool and then figured that would be far enough...)

Link to comment
Share on other sites

As far as I have read about December 21, 2012/the procession of the equinoxes, it is more about a new beginning....The world ending seems to be something that one or two people said and the media repeated constantly...I mean, which scholars / archeologists / anthropologists have said the world is ending?

Mayans called it the end of time as we know it. (doesn't necessarily mean end of the world)

The Incas call it the age of meeting ourselves again

The hopi aboriginals predicted the end of the fourth world and beginning of the fifth

The Aztecs call it the time of the sixth sun, a time of transformation and creation of a new race

Dogon people say the spaceship of the visitors, the nommo, will return.

Interesting that so many different ancient civilizations point to this time. By no means is it proof for fact but it's fun to think about. :)

Great article though. I thoroughly enjoyed reading it.

Link to comment
Share on other sites

As far as I have read about December 21, 2012/the procession of the equinoxes, it is more about a new beginning....The world ending seems to be something that one or two people said and the media repeated constantly...I mean, which scholars / archeologists / anthropologists have said the world is ending?

Mayans called it the end of time as we know it. (doesn't necessarily mean end of the world)

The Incas call it the age of meeting ourselves again

The hopi aboriginals predicted the end of the fourth world and beginning of the fifth

The Aztecs call it the time of the sixth sun, a time of transformation and creation of a new race

Dogon people say the spaceship of the visitors, the nommo, will return.

Interesting that so many different ancient civilizations point to this time. By no means is it proof for fact but it's fun to think about. :)

Great article though. I thoroughly enjoyed reading it.

Link to comment
Share on other sites

Ugh just stop trying to convince people with mad up facts that several societies have pointed to this time period. You have never once stated a source. I am saying this, because people make fun of you on here. This is me being considerate. Stop, please, for your own benefit.

Top scientists (in the world) have stated nothing will happen, at all. NOTHING. You, and your conspiracy theories reference sites that are not credible, and that are started by some crazy guy living in his parents basement.

Do I really have to reference all the societies that date back thousands of years saying the year 2000, and the date 06/6/6 was going to be the end of the world as well? Because FAR more predicted that date, as appose to yours.

You honestly can't believe ALL the (top)scientists in the world are wrong, and you, one man, who probably is not even out of high school, is right? Right?! Even forget about the scientists for a second, this very topic, on this forum, which has been linked to actual news sites like CNN, MSNBC, CTVNEWS, Huffington Post, etc ,etc has proven your theory wrong.

Link to comment
Share on other sites

As far as I have read about December 21, 2012/the procession of the equinoxes, it is more about a new beginning....The world ending seems to be something that one or two people said and the media repeated constantly...I mean, which scholars / archeologists / anthropologists have said the world is ending?

Mayans called it the end of time as we know it. (doesn't necessarily mean end of the world)

The Incas call it the age of meeting ourselves again

The hopi aboriginals predicted the end of the fourth world and beginning of the fifth

The Aztecs call it the time of the sixth sun, a time of transformation and creation of a new race

Dogon people say the spaceship of the visitors, the nommo, will return.

Interesting that so many different ancient civilizations point to this time. By no means is it proof for fact but it's fun to think about. :)

Great article though. I thoroughly enjoyed reading it.

Link to comment
Share on other sites

That's just as stupid. The Mayan clander functions similar to a modern calender in that when it ends you start again. It's all set in cycles that have no other meaning than keeping track of time. I would have been more impressed if the calander counted back 13.7 billion years.

Link to comment
Share on other sites

beginning of a new era. Not the end of the world.

Our calender goes forever, yet if you looked at a calender, it would appear to end at the end of December. If you didn't understand the context, that it only represents a single year, one might think that time is ending. Also, Maybe they are not calenders at all. Maybe this is how they represent their ancient history as far as how long ago it happened. So the mural is the event, and the markings that appear to be a calender actually says how long ago it happened. Like a stamp, of the calander turned way back. And this event happened so long ago that it is older than the calender itself......thier ancient history recorded in time......... The structure is probably some kind of monument.

Link to comment
Share on other sites

Archived

This topic is now archived and is closed to further replies.

  • Recently Browsing   0 members

    • No registered users viewing this page.
×
×
  • Create New...