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Michigan govt signs right-to-work plan limiting union powers; violence and assaults break out


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#1 Common sense

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Posted 11 December 2012 - 04:24 PM

LANSING, Mich. — Two laws that would weaken union power in the labour stronghold of Michigan awaited the governor’s expected signature after the Republican-dominated House of Representatives passed them Tuesday, a devastating and once unthinkable defeat for organized labour in a state considered a cradle of the union movement.

The House passed the anti-union bills Tuesday as hundreds of protesters shouted “shame on you” from the gallery and huge crowds of labour backers massed in the state capitol halls and on the grounds. Gov. Rick Snyder says he will sign the laws — one dealing with private sector workers, the other with government employees — as early as Wednesday.

Foes of the laws, including President Barack Obama, are trying to keep the spotlight on this latest battleground in the war over union rights. Democrats offered a series of amendments, one of which would have allowed a statewide referendum. All were swiftly rejected.

“This is the nuclear option,” Democratic Rep. Doug Geiss. “This is the most divisive issue that we have had to deal with. And this will have repercussions. And it will have personal hard feelings after this is all said and done.”

Once the bills are enacted, it will mark another defeat for the labour movement in the industrial Great Lakes region, known as the Rust Belt for its once-booming manufacturing sector. Michigan, the centre of the U.S. auto industry, will become the 24th right-to-work state, banning requirements that nonunion employees pay unions for negotiating contracts and other services.

“This is about freedom, fairness and equality,” Republican House Speaker Jase Bolger said. “These are basic American rights — rights that should unite us.”

In recent years, legislatures in states like Michigan, Ohio and Wisconsin have been taken over by an aggressive Republican majority that vowed to curtail union rights. Even with the outcome considered a foregone conclusion, the heated battle showed no sign of cooling as lawmakers prepared to cast final votes.

Hundreds of protesters flooded the state capitol hours before the House and Senate convened, chanting and whistling in the chilly darkness. Others joined a three-block march to the building, some wearing coveralls and hard hats.

Sen. John Proos, a Republican who voted for the right-to-work bills when they cleared the state Senate last week, said opponents had a right to voice their anger but predicted it would fade as the shift in policy brings more jobs to Michigan.

In an interview with WWJ-AM, Snyder said he expects the bills to be on his desk later this week. He said the intention is to give workers a choice, not to target unions.

“This is about being pro-worker,” Snyder said.

In other states, similar battles were drawn-out affairs lasting weeks. But Snyder, a business executive-turned-governor, and the Republican-dominated Legislature used their political muscle to rapidly introduce and force legislation through the House and Senate in a single day last week. Demonstrators and Democrats howled in protest, but to no avail.

On Tuesday, asked about the speed at which the legislation moved forward, Snyder said the issue wasn’t rushed and that the question of whether to make Michigan a right-to-work state has long been discussed.

For all the shouting, the actual benefit or harm of such laws is not clear. Each camp has pointed to studies bolstering their claims, but one labour expert said the conclusions are inconclusive.

“Very little is actually known about the impact of right-to-work laws,” Gary Chaison, a professor of labour relations at Clark University in Massachusetts, said Monday. “There’s a lot of assumptions that they create or destroy jobs, but the correlation is not definite.”

Democrats contend Republicans, who lost five Michigan House seats in the November election, wanted to act before a new legislature takes office next month. In passionate floor speeches last week, they accused the majority of ignoring the message from voters and bowing to right-wing interest groups. But they acknowledged there was little they could do to stop the fast-moving legislation.

Obama highlighted the issue during his visit Monday to an engine plant in Michigan.

“These so-called right-to-work laws, they don’t have anything to do with economics, they have everything to do with politics,” Obama told cheering workers. “What they’re really talking about is giving you the right to work for less money.”

http://news.national...spite-protests/



And of course, the leftists are at it again:

There will be blood, promises the Michigan HoR Democratic caucus Twitter account before deleting their own tweet:

http://twitchy.com/2...-will-be-blood/

Posted Image


Of course, there was blood as promised, through the violence inside the Americans for Prosperity tents, as tent organizers are attacked, threats uttered, and the tent forcefully torn down:


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#2 inane

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Posted 11 December 2012 - 04:28 PM

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"And of course, the leftists are at it again:"

And the childish, mindless, stereotypical stupidity is at it again.
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#3 Electro Rock

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Posted 11 December 2012 - 04:56 PM

^^^

Take him to Detroit!

Anyway, only 40 years too late.

Edited by Electro Rock, 11 December 2012 - 05:03 PM.

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#4 Tearloch7

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Posted 11 December 2012 - 05:20 PM

Were the Koch brothers in the tent? .. that would have been "rich" .. scum-dog millionaires ..
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#5 King Heffy

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Posted 11 December 2012 - 05:31 PM

Finally the Republican swine do something useful.
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#6 Common sense

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Posted 11 December 2012 - 07:07 PM

"And of course, the leftists are at it again:"

And the childish, mindless, stereotypical stupidity is at it again.


I say again simply because this isn't the first time the left condoned violence in the veiled name of "labour," and sadly this won't be the last.

To say childish, mindless, and stereotypical is to also include the folks ransacking the AFP tent and threatening people inside said tent with weapons. Sorry if you cannot swallow that truth, but those that preached the message of fair labour also turned around and acted in a juvenile manner to their counterparts, going so far as to call for blood.

Edited by Common sense, 11 December 2012 - 07:09 PM.

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#7 TOMapleLaughs

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Posted 11 December 2012 - 07:15 PM

Hopefully this will have some sort of impact on Michigan's economy, but i doubt it.
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#8 inane

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Posted 11 December 2012 - 09:46 PM

I say again simply because this isn't the first time the left condoned violence in the veiled name of "labour," and sadly this won't be the last.

To say childish, mindless, and stereotypical is to also include the folks ransacking the AFP tent and threatening people inside said tent with weapons. Sorry if you cannot swallow that truth, but those that preached the message of fair labour also turned around and acted in a juvenile manner to their counterparts, going so far as to call for blood.


Ah, silly, you did it again.
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#9 jmfaminoff

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Posted 11 December 2012 - 10:07 PM

Unfortunate that some people give unions a bad name. We should not lump the all union members with those thugs. Shame!

That being said: Right to work in practice means a right to work for less. But Right to Work does not eliminate the role of unions in the workplace. People in Michigan, and all Right to Work states, still have the right to organize and be represented by a union. What they cannot do is force a person to join the union as a condition of employment, nor can they charge the person union dues to in order to work there. In other words, where there are contracts in place or are collectively bargained in the future, people who are not members of the union are covered by the provisions/benefits of a collective bargaining agreement, and they are still entitled to union representation even without contributing to the union. And that is the union's real problem. It hurts by cutting of the union's only revenue source.

Further, and unlike Canada, because of federal law called Taft-Hartley, in the US there is no such law mandating a closed union shop even in a non-right to work state--closed shop in Canada allows means that employer can only hire union members. In those states, which are union shop states, anyone hired is required to join the union and pay dues as a condition of employment. That is why the electrical workers from Alabama were not allowed to continue in Hurricane Sandy's recovery because they refused to pay dues owed to the electrical union in New Jersey.

Edited by jmfaminoff, 11 December 2012 - 10:12 PM.

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#10 Harbinger

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Posted 11 December 2012 - 11:13 PM

I'm not saying that people should go out and hurt other people because that would be terribly wrong. But I would not be upset if at the end of all this there were some seriously maimed politicians.
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#11 DonLever

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Posted 11 December 2012 - 11:52 PM

Unfortunate that some people give unions a bad name. We should not lump the all union members with those thugs. Shame!

That being said: Right to work in practice means a right to work for less. But Right to Work does not eliminate the role of unions in the workplace. People in Michigan, and all Right to Work states, still have the right to organize and be represented by a union. What they cannot do is force a person to join the union as a condition of employment, nor can they charge the person union dues to in order to work there. In other words, where there are contracts in place or are collectively bargained in the future, people who are not members of the union are covered by the provisions/benefits of a collective bargaining agreement, and they are still entitled to union representation even without contributing to the union. And that is the union's real problem. It hurts by cutting of the union's only revenue source.

Further, and unlike Canada, because of federal law called Taft-Hartley, in the US there is no such law mandating a closed union shop even in a non-right to work state--closed shop in Canada allows means that employer can only hire union members. In those states, which are union shop states, anyone hired is required to join the union and pay dues as a condition of employment. That is why the electrical workers from Alabama were not allowed to continue in Hurricane Sandy's recovery because they refused to pay dues owed to the electrical union in New Jersey.


OK, the new law means you don't have to join a union in order to be employed, nor pay union dues, but you are still covered under a union contract? So the new employees get all the benefits without the pain of union dues? So why are the rank and file members protesting when it is the union leadership who is going to suffer. Without union dues its the union leaders who is going suffer a pay cut.

Edited by DonLever, 11 December 2012 - 11:54 PM.

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#12 Harbinger

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Posted 11 December 2012 - 11:58 PM

OK, the new law means you don't have to join a union in order to be employed, nor pay union dues, but you are still covered under a union contract? So the new employees get all the benefits without the pain of union dues? So why are the rank and file members protesting when it is the union leadership who is going to suffer. Without union dues its the union leaders who is going suffer a pay cut.


This has to do with removing money from the unions so that they can not help democrats. End of story. On top of that it also limits the Unions ability to pay for lawyers to fight corporations. It's times like this that you understand why it took Mobsters to set up the union. I'm looking forward to seeing some unhappy people do some interesting things.

Edited by Harbinger, 12 December 2012 - 12:00 AM.

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#13 ronthecivil

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Posted 12 December 2012 - 12:25 PM

I'm not saying that people should go out and hurt other people because that would be terribly wrong. But I would not be upset if at the end of all this there were some seriously maimed politicians.


So you're cool with violence against politicians that dare challenge the power of unions. I guess instead of someone hurting them you just hope they "fall down the stairs" or something?

So sad.
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#14 Common sense

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Posted 13 December 2012 - 12:08 PM

Ah, silly, you did it again.


Hardly silly if this is a truth. Sadly, it is.
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#15 ronthecivil

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Posted 13 December 2012 - 12:18 PM

This has to do with removing money from the unions so that they can not help democrats. End of story. On top of that it also limits the Unions ability to pay for lawyers to fight corporations. It's times like this that you understand why it took Mobsters to set up the union. I'm looking forward to seeing some unhappy people do some interesting things.


A nice side effect for sure but it's primarily to help companies compete internationally and to allow individual freedoms of association to take effect.

As an example if I was an American I would be a registered democrat but would actually support right to work legislation.
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#16 inane

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Posted 13 December 2012 - 12:19 PM

Hardly silly if this is a truth. Sadly, it is.


If by true you mean that people characterize large groups of people into simple, childish, meaningless boxes so that they can avoid actual discussion about the issues by lumping everyone into said boxes, then yes, that is sad.

If by true you mean there actually are 'leftists' or there actually is a uniform 'left', then you're a liar.
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#17 Tearloch7

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Posted 13 December 2012 - 12:27 PM

Labor versus management in the USA has historically involved violence .. on both sides .. if you tallied up lives lost due to labor strife, I am sure one would find that labor has seen many more funerals than the hired strike breakers and scabs ..
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#18 ronthecivil

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Posted 13 December 2012 - 01:13 PM

Labor versus management in the USA has historically involved violence .. on both sides .. if you tallied up lives lost due to labor strife, I am sure one would find that labor has seen many more funerals than the hired strike breakers and scabs ..


Simply because there is a violent pass is no reason to cheer on a violent present.

Heck, the bullying of people who are simply willing to do the same job for less as scabs goes to show how much bullying is engrained into the union system.
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#19 ronthecivil

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Posted 13 December 2012 - 01:21 PM

If by true you mean that people characterize large groups of people into simple, childish, meaningless boxes so that they can avoid actual discussion about the issues by lumping everyone into said boxes, then yes, that is sad.

If by true you mean there actually are 'leftists' or there actually is a uniform 'left', then you're a liar.


By all means discuss the issue. Here's a good start.

American has gone from being the worlds industrial powerhouse to a rusting shell of it's former self because it can not compete with offshore business in places like China where wages and benefits are minimal compared to what they have to pay in the states.

In some states they have passed right to work laws and there has been very much would could be called a race to the bottom with people ending up getting paid a fraction of what they got paid before. However, in these areas where there is a low cost of living after the housing blowout people are still doing well on that low salary and industry is reviving and even competing internationally.

No surprise, other states are keen to join them. Of course, those that are in the club and are getting wages far out of line of anything internationally are fighting tooth and nail to stop this. Of course, as we have seen from recent scares to the Auto industry (the largest union employer in Michigan which is the state were talking about here) even that last bastion of union stronghold might not even manage to avoid the industry going bankrupt long term even if it manages to defeat the right to work legislation.

Care to actually discuss the issue?

Edited by ronthecivil, 13 December 2012 - 01:22 PM.

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#20 inane

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Posted 13 December 2012 - 01:26 PM

Sure.

It's ironic that we decry the violence when it is violence that forces unions to exist in the first place. They are far from perfect, but necessary.

If employers paid fair wages, benefits, etc...unions wouldn't be necessary. Unions are borne out of bad employers. Unions do take on a life on their own, and there are definite negatives to them, but they are a product of bad employers. So, blaming the unions for protecting bad employees, bloated this or that--all fair game. But if you want to actually get to the root of the problem, ask yourself why we need unions at all.
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#21 Tearloch7

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Posted 13 December 2012 - 01:30 PM

Simply because there is a violent pass is no reason to cheer on a violent present.

Heck, the bullying of people who are simply willing to do the same job for less as scabs goes to show how much bullying is engrained into the union system.


I was cheering for violence? .. where? .. more likely you are being delusional .. pragmatism escapes you? .. as do irony and sarcasm? .. what else is there left? .. perspective .. yes, I would settle for perspective ..
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#22 Tearloch7

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Posted 13 December 2012 - 01:32 PM

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Sure.

It's ironic that we decry the violence when it is violence that forces unions to exist in the first place. They are far from perfect, but necessary.

If employers paid fair wages, benefits, etc...unions wouldn't be necessary. Unions are borne out of bad employers. Unions do take on a life on their own, and there are definite negatives to them, but they are a product of bad employers. So, blaming the unions for protecting bad employees, bloated this or that--all fair game. But if you want to actually get to the root of the problem, ask yourself why we need unions at all.


Well said!! .. a quick study of the rise of the "labor movement" would open some folks eyes .. then again, no amount of education will help those with closed minds
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#23 Tearloch7

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Posted 13 December 2012 - 01:36 PM

An Eclectic List of Events in U.S. Labor History
  • Compiled by allen lutins (allen@lutins.org)
  • Last Update 3 September 2012
  • Click here for information about reproducing this article.
Most citizens of the United States take for granted labor laws which protect them from the evils of unregulated industry. Perhaps the majority of those who argue for "free enterprise" and the removal of restrictions on capitalist corporations are unaware that over the course of this country's history, workers have fought and often died for protection from capitalist industry. In many instances, government troops were called out to crush strikes, at times firing on protesters. Presented below are a few of the many incidents in the (too often overlooked) tumultuous labor history of this country.
NOTE: Please DO NOT mail me with requests for additional information (such as assistance in locating additional resources, etc.); all that i have to offer on this topic is presented on this page, and i regret that i am unable to assist the Internet community with anything more. For additional labor resources, check out the following:1619
In North America's first recorded labor uprising, Polish craftsmen, who produced glass, pitch & tar for the Jamestown colony, went on strike to protest their lack of voting rights. The incident ended peacefully when the Poles were granted full voting rights.

1806
The union of Philadelphia Journeymen Cordwainers was convicted of and bankrupted by charges of criminal conspiracy after a strike for higher wages, setting a precedent by which the U.S. government would combat unions for years to come.

27 April 1825
The first strike for the 10-hour work-day occurred by carpenters in Boston.

3 July 1835
Children employed in the silk mills in Paterson, NJ went on strike for the 11 hour day/6 day week.

July 1851
Two railroad strikers were shot dead and others injured by the state militia in Portgage, New York.

1860
800 women operatives and 4,000 workmen marched during a shoemaker's strike in Lynn, Massachusetts.

13 January 1874
The original Tompkins Square Riot. As unemployed workers demonstrated in New York's Tompkins Square Park, a detachment of mounted police charged into the crowd, beating men, women and children indiscriminately with billy clubs and leaving hundreds of casualties in their wake. Commented Abram Duryee, the Commissioner of Police: "It was the most glorious sight I ever saw..."

12 February 1877
U.S. railroad workers began strikes to protest wage cuts.

21 June 1877
Ten coal-mining activists ("Molly Maguires") were hanged in Pennsylvania.

14 July 1877
A general strike halted the movement of U.S. railroads. In the following days, strike riots spread across the United States. The next week, federal troops were called out to force an end to the nationwide strike. At the "Battle of the Viaduct" in Chicago, federal troops (recently returned from an Indian massacre) killed 30 workers and wounded over 100.

5 September 1882
Thirty thousand workers marched in the first Labor Day parade in New York City.

1884
The Federation of Organized Trades and Labor Unions, forerunner of the AFL, passed a resolution stating that "8 hours shall constitute a legal day's work from and after May 1, 1886." Though the Federation did not intend to stimulate a mass insurgency, its resolution had precisely that effect.

Late 1885/Early 1886
Hundreds of thousands of American workers, increasingly determined to resist subjugation to capitalist power, poured into a fledgling labor organization, the Knights of Labor. Beginning on May 1, 1886, they took to the streets to demand the universal adoption of the eight hour day.

Chicago was the center of the movement. Workers there had been agitating for an eight hour day for months, and on the eve of May 1, 50,000 workers were already on strike. 30,000 more swelled their ranks the next day, bringing most of Chicago manufacturing to a standstill. Fears of violent class conflict gripped the city. No violence occurred on May 1 -- a Saturday -- or May 2. But on Monday, May 3, a fight involving hundreds broke out at McCormick Reaper between locked-out unionists and the non-unionist workers McCormick hired to replace them. The Chicago police, swollen in number and heavily armed, quickly moved in with clubs and guns to restore order. They left four unionists dead and many others wounded.
Angered by the deadly force of the police, a group of anarchists, led by August Spies and Albert Parsons, called on workers to arm themselves and participate in a massive protest demonstration in Haymarket Square on Tuesday evening, May 4. The demonstration appeared to be a complete bust, with only 3,000 assembling. But near the end of the evening, an individual, whose identity is still in dispute, threw a bomb that killed seven policemen and injured 67 others. Hysterical city and state government officials rounded up eight anarchists, tried them for murder, and sentenced them to death.
On 11 November 1887, four of them, including Parsons and Spies, were executed. All of the executed advocated armed struggle and violence as revolutionary methods, but their prosecutors found no evidence that any had actually thrown the Haymarket bomb. They died for their words, not their deeds. A quarter of a million people lined Chicago's street during Parson's funeral procession to express their outrage at this gross mis-carriage of justice.
For radicals and trade unionists everywhere, Haymarket became a symbol of the stark inequality and injustice of capitalist society. The May 1886 Chicago events figured prominently in the decision of the founding congress of the Second International (Paris, 1889) to make May 1, 1890 a demonstration of the solidarity and power of the international working class movement. May Day has been a celebration of international socialism and (after 1917) international communism ever since.
The Bayview Massacre also took place at this time, where seven people, including one child, were killed by state militia. On 1 May 1886 about 2,000 Polish workers walked off their jobs and gathered at Saint Stanislaus Church in Milwaukee, angrily denouncing the ten hour workday. They then marched through the city, calling on other workers to join them; as a result, all but one factory was closed down as sixteen thousand protesters gathered at Rolling Mills, prompting Wisconsin Govorner Jeremiah Rusk to call the state militia. The militia camped out at the mill while workers slept in nearby fields, and on the morning of May 5th, as protesters chanted for the eight hour workday, General Treaumer ordered his men to shoot into the crowd, some of whom were carrying sticks, bricks, and scythes, leaving seven dead at the scene. The Milwaukee Journal reported that eight more would die within twenty four hours, and without hesitation added that Governor Rusk was to be commended for his quick action in the matter.
23 November 1887
The Thibodaux Massacre. The Louisiana Militia, aided by bands of "prominent citizens," shot at least 35 unarmed black sugar workers striking to gain a dollar-per-day wage, and lynched two strike leaders.

25 July 1890
New York garment workers won the right to unionize after a seven-month strike. They secured agreements for a closed shop, and firing of all scabs.

6 July 1892
The Homestead Strike. Pinkerton Guards, trying to pave the way for the introduction of scabs, opened fire on striking Carnegie mill steel- workers in Homestead, Pennsylvania. In the ensuing battle, three Pinkertons surrendered; then, unarmed, they were set upon and beaten by a mob of townspeople, most of them women. Seven guards and eleven strikers and spectators were shot to death.

11 July 1892
Striking miners in Coeur D'Alene, Idaho dynamited the Frisco Mill, leaving it in ruins.

1893
The first of several bloody mining strikes at Cripple Creek, Colorado.

5 July 1893
During a strike against the Pullman Palace Car Company, which had drastically reduced wages, the 1892 World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago's Jackson Park was set ablaze, and seven buildings were reduced to ashes. The mobs raged on, burning and looting railroad cars and fighting police in the streets, until 10 July, when 14,000 federal and state troops finally succeeded in putting down the strike.

1894
Federal troops killed 34 American Railway Union members in the Chicago area attempting to break a strike, led by Eugene Debs, against the Pullman Company. Debs and several others were imprisoned for violating injunctions, causing disintegration of the union.

21 September 1896
The state militia was sent to Leadville, Colorado to break a miner's strike.

10 September 1897
19 unarmed striking coal miners and mine workers were killed and 36 wounded by a posse organized by the Luzerne County sherif for refusing to disperse near Lattimer, Pennsylvania. The strikers, most of whom were shot in the back, were originally brought in as strike-breakers, but later organized themselves.

1898
A portion of the Erdman Act, which would have made it a criminal offense for railroads to dismiss employees or discriminate against prospective employees based on their union activities, was declared invalid by the United States Supreme Court.

12 October 1898
Fourteen were killed, 25 wounded in violence resulting when Virden, Illinois mine owners attempted to break a strike by importing 200 nonunion black workers.

29 April 1899
When their demand that only union men be employed was refused, members of the Western Federation of Miners dynamited the $250,000 mill of the Bunker Hill Company at Wardner, Idaho, destroying it completely. President McKinley responded by sending in black soldiers from Brownsville, Texas with orders to round up thousands of miners and confine them in specially built "bullpens."

1899 and 1901
U.S. Army troops occupied the Coeur d'Alene mining region in Idaho.

12 May 1902
Over 100,000 miners went on strike in eastern Pennsylvania over the issue of federal mediation in labor issues. The strike was settled 163 days later with the commencement of a Federally-authorized commission that recommended wage increases and reductions in the length of the workday.

12 October 1902
Fourteen miners were killed and 22 wounded by scabherders at Pana, Illinois.

23 November 1903
Troops were dispatched to Cripple Creek, Colorado to control rioting by striking coal miners.

July 1903
Labor organizer Mary Harris ("Mother") Jones leads child workers in demanding a 55 hour work week.

23 February 1904
William Randolph Hearst's San Francisco Chronicle began publishing articles on the menace of Japanese laborers, leading to a resolution of the California Legislature that action be taken against their immigration.

8 June 1904
A battle between the Colorado Militia and striking miners at Dunnville ended with six union members dead and 15 taken prisoner. Seventy-nine of the strikers were deported to Kansas two days later.

17 April 1905
The Supreme Court held that a maximum hours law for New York bakery workers was unconstitutional under the due process clause of the 14th ammendment.

1908
The Erdman Act was further weakened when Section 10 was declared unconstitutional. This section had made it illegal for railroad employers to fire employees for being involved in union activities (see 1898).

22 November 1909
The "Uprising of the 20,000." Female garment workers went on strike in New York; many were arrested. A judge told those arrested: "You are on strike against God."

25 December 1910
A dynamite bomb destroyed a portion of the Llewellyn Ironworks in Los Angeles, where a bitter strike was in progress.

1911
The Supreme Court ordered the AFL to cease its promotion of a boycott against the Bucks Stove and Range Company. A contempt charge against union leaders (including AFL President Samuel Gompers) was dismissed on technical grounds.

25 March 1911
The Triangle Shirtwaist Company fire. The Triangle Shirtwaist Company, occupying the top three floors of a ten-story building in New York City, was consumed by fire. One hundred and forty-seven people, mostly women and young girls working in sweatshop conditions, lost their lives. Approximately 50 died as they leapt from windows to the street; the others were burned or trampled to death as they desperately attempted to escape through stairway exits locked as a precaution against "the interruption of work". On 11 April the company's owners were indicted for manslaughter.

2 December 1911
A Chicago "slugger," paid $50 by labor unions for every scab he "discouraged," described his job in an interview: "Oh, there ain't nothin' to it. I gets my fifty, then I goes out and finds the guy they wanna have slugged. I goes up to `im and I says to `im, `My friend, by way of meaning no harm,' and then I gives it to `im -- biff! in the mug. Nothin' to it."

24 February 1912
Women and children were beaten by police during a textile strike in Lawrence, Massachusetts.

18 April 1912
The National Guard was called out against striking West Virginia coal miners.

11 June 1913
Police shot three maritime workers (one of whom was killed) who were striking against the United Fruit Company in New Orleans.

5 January 1914
The Ford Motor Company raised its basic wage from $2.40 for a nine hour day to $5 for an eight hour day.

20 April 1914
The "Ludlow Massacre." In an attempt to persuade strikers at Colorado's Ludlow Mine Field to return to work, company "guards," engaged by John D. Rockefeller, Jr. and other mine operators and sworn into the State Militia just for the occasion, attacked a union tent camp with machine guns, then set it afire. Five men, two women and 12 children died as a result. Additional web resources are cataloged at www.holtlaborlibrary.org/ludlow.html#Web%20Sites.

13 November 1914
A Western Federation of Miners strike is crushed by the militia in Butte, Montana.

19 January 1915
World famous labor leader Joe Hill was arrested in Salt Lake City. He was convicted on trumped up murder charges, and was executed 21 months later despite worldwide protests and two attempts to intervene by President Woodrow Wilson. In a letter to Bill Haywood shortly before his death he penned the famous words, "Don't mourn - organize!"

On this same day, twenty rioting strikers were shot by factory guards at Roosevelt, New Jersey.
25 January 1915
The Supreme Court upholds "yellow dog" contracts, which forbid membership in labor unions. 22 July 1916
A bomb was set off during a "Preparedness Day" parade in San Francisco, killing 10 and injuring 40 more. Thomas J. Mooney, a labor organizer and Warren K. Billings, a shoe worker, were convicted, but were both pardoned in 1939.

19 August 1916
Strikebreakers hired by the Everett Mills owner Neil Jamison attacked and beat picketing strikers in Everett, Washington. Local police watched and refused to intervene, claiming that the waterfront where the incident took place was Federal land and therefore outside their jurisdiction. (When the picketers retaliated against the strikebreakers that evening, the local police intervened, claiming that they had crossed the line of jursidiction.)

Three days later, twenty-two union men attempted to speak out at a local crossroads, but each was arrested; arrests and beatings of strikebreakers became common throughout the following months, and on 30 October vigilantes forced IWW speakers to run the gauntlet, subjecting them to whipping, tripping kicking, and impalement against a spiked cattle guard at the end of the gauntlet. In response, the IWW called for a meeting on 5 November. When the union men arrived, they were fired on; seven people were killed, 50 were wounded, and an indeterminate number wound up missing.
7 September 1916
Federal employees win the right to receive Worker's Compensation insurance.

12 July 1917
After seizing the local Western Union telegraph office in order to cut off outside communication, several thousand armed vigilantes forced 1,185 men in Bisbee, Arizona into manure-laden boxcars and "deported" them to the New Mexico desert. The action was precipitated by a strike when workers' demands (including improvements to safety and working conditions at the local copper mines, an end to discrimination against labor organizations and unequal treatment of foreign and minority workers, and the institution of a fair wage system) went unmet. The "deportation" was organized by Sheriff Harry Wheeler. The incident was investigated months later by a Federal Mediation Commission set up by President Woodrow Wilson; the Commission found that no federal law applied, and referred the case to the State of Arizona, which failed to take any action, citing patriotism and support for the war as justification for the vigilantes' action.

15 March 1917
The Supreme Court approved the Eight-Hour Act under the threat of a national railway strike.

1 August 1917
IWW organizer Frank Little was lynched in Butte, Monatana.

5 September 1917
Federal agents raided the IWW headquarters in 48 cities.

3 June 1918
A Federal child labor law, enacted two years earlier, was declared unconstitutional. A new law was enacted 24 February 1919, but this one too was declared unconstitutional on 15 May 1922.

27 July 1918
United Mine Workers organizer Ginger Goodwin was shot by a hired private policeman outside Cumberland, British Columbia.

26 August 1919
United Mine Worker organizer Fannie Sellins was gunned down by company guards in Brackenridge, Pennsylvania.

19 September 1919
Looting, rioting and sporadic violence broke out in downtown Boston and South Boston for days after 1,117 Boston policemen declared a work stoppage due to their thwarted attempts to affiliate with the American Federation of Labor. Massachusetts Governor Calvin Coolidge put down the strike by calling out the entire state militia.

22 September 1919
The "Great Steel Strike" began. Ultimately, 350,000 steel workers walked off their jobs to demand union recognition. The AFL Iron and Steel Organizing Committee called off the strike on 8 January 1920, their goals unmet.

11 November 1919
The Centralia Massacre. Violence erupted when members of the American Legion attempted to force their way into an IWW hall in Centralia, Washington during an Armistice Day anniversary celebration. Four Legionnaires were shot dead by members of the IWW, after which IWW organizer Wesley Everest was lynched by a local mob.

22 December 1919
Amid a strike for union recognition by 395,000 steelworkers (ultimately unsuccessful), approximately 250 "anarchists," "communists," and "labor agitators" were deported to Russia, marking the beginning of the so-called "Red Scare."

2 January 1920
The U.S. Bureau of Investigation began carrying out the nationwide Palmer Raids. Federal agents seized labor leaders and literature in the hopes of discouraging labor activity. A number of citizens were turned over to state officials for prosecution under various anti-anarchy statutes.

19 May 1920
The Battle of Matewan. Despite efforts by police chief (and former miner) Sid Hatfield and Mayor C. Testerman to protect miners from interference in their union drive in Matewan, West Virginia, Baldwin-Felts detectives hired by the local mining company and thirteen of the company's managers arrived to evict miners and their families from the Stone Mountain Mine camp. A gun battle ensued, resulting in the deaths of 7 detectives, Mayor Testerman, and 2 miners. Baldwin-Felts detectives assasinated Sid Hatfield 15 months later, sparking off an armed rebellion of 10,000 West Virginia coal miners at "The Battle of Blair Mountain," dubbed "the largest insurrection this country has had since the Civil War" by The Battle of Matewan Home Page.

1920 and 1921
Army troops were used to intervene against striking mineworkers in West Virginia. Details of these events can be found in the extensive and excellent article at www.wvculture.org/history/journal_wvh/wvh50-1.html.

22 June 1922
Violence erupted during a coal-mine strike at Herrin, Illinois. Thirty-six were killed, 21 of them non-union miners.

2 June 1924
A child labor ammendment to the U.S. Constitution was proposed; only 28 of the necessary 36 states ever ratified it.

14 June 1924
A San Pedro, California IWW hall was raided; a number of children were scalded when the hall was demolished.

25 May 1925
Two company houses occupied by nonunion coal miners were blown up and destroyed by labor "racketeers" during a strike against the Glendale Gas and Coal Company in Wheeling, West Virginia.

1926
Textile workers fought with police in Passaic, New Jersey. A year-long strike ensued.

21 November 1927
Picketing miners were massacred in Columbine, Colorado.

3 February 1930
"Chicagorillas" -- labor racketeers -- shot and killed contractor William Healy, with whom the Chicago Marble Setters Union had been having difficulties.

14 April 1930
Over 100 farm workers were arrested for their unionizing activities in Imperial Valley, California. Eight were subsequently convicted of `criminal syndicalism.'

4 May 1931
Gun-toting vigilantes attack striking miners in Harlan County, Kentucky.

7 March 1932
Police kill striking workers at Ford's Dearborn, Michigan plant.

10 October 1933
18,000 cotton workers went on strikein Pixley, California. Four were killed before a pay-hike was finally won.

1934
The Electric Auto-Lite Strike. In Toledo, OH, two strikers were killed and over two hundred wounded by National Guardsmen. Some 1300 National Guard troops, including included eight rifle companies and three machine gun companies, were called in to disperse the protestors.

1934
International Longshoremans and Warehouse union strike of 1934. Two longshoremen, Nick Bordoise and Howard Sperry, were shot to death by the San Francisco Police. May 1934
Police stormed striking truck drivers in Minneapolis who were attempting to prevent truck movement in the market area.

1 September - 22 September 1934
A strike in Woonsocket, RI, part of a national movement to obtain a minimum wage for textile workers, resulted in the deaths of three workers. Over 420,000 workers ultimately went on strike.

9 November 1935
The Committee for Industrial Organization (CIO) was formed to expand industrial unionism.

11 February 1937
General Motors recognizes the United Auto Workers union following a sit-down strike.

26 May 1937
The 'Battle of the Overpass'. Walter Reuther and a group of UAW supporters, fresh from having organized GM and Chyrsler, attempting to distribute leaflets at Gate 4 of the Ford Motor Company's River Rouge plant, and were beaten up (together with bystanders) by Ford Service Department guards.

30 May 1937
Police killed 10 and wounded 30 during the "Memorial Day Massacre" at the Republic Steel plant in Chicago.

25 June 1938
The Wages and Hours (later Fair Labor Standards) Act is passed, banning child labor and setting the 40-hour work week. The Act went into effect in October 1940, and was upheld in the Supreme Court on 3 February 1941.

27 February 1939
The Supreme Court rules that sit-down strikes are illegal.

20 June 1941
Henry Ford recognizes the UAW.

15 December 1941
The AFL pledges that there will be no strikes in defense-related industry plants for the duration of the war.

28 December 1944
President Franklin D. Roosevelt ordered the Army to seize the executive offices of Montgomery Ward and Company after the corporation failed to comply with a National War Labor Board directive regarding union shops.

1946
Workers in packinghouses nation-wide went on strike.

1 April 1946
A strike by 400,000 mine workers in the U.S. began. U.S. troops seized railroads and coal mines the following month.

4 October 1946
The U.S. Navy seized oil refineries in order to break a 20-state post-war strike.

20 June 1947
The Taft-Hartley Labor Act, curbing strikes, was vetoed by President Truman. Congress overrode the veto.

20 April 1948
Labor leader Walter Reuther was shot and seriously wounded by would-be assassins.

27 August 1950
President Truman ordered the U.S. Army to seize all the nation's railroads to prevent a general strike. The railroads were not returned to their owners until two years later.

8 April 1952
President Truman ordered the U.S. Army to seize the nation's steel mills to avert a strike. The act was ruled to be illegal by the Supreme Court on 2 June.

5 December 1955
The two largest labor organizations in the U.S. merged to form the AFL-CIO, with a membership estimated at 15 million.

5 April 1956
Columnist Victor Riesel, a crusader against labor racketeers, was blinded in New York City when a hired assailant threw sulfuric acid in his face.

14 September 1959
The Landrum-Griffin Act passes, restricting union activity.

7 November 1959
The Taft-Hartley Act is invoked by the Supreme Court to break a steel strike.

1 April 1963
The longest newspaper strike in U.S. history ended. The 9 major newspapers in New York City had ceased publication over 100 days before.

10 June 1963
Congress passes a law mandating equal pay to women.

5 January 1970
Joseph A. Yablonski, unsuccessful reform candidate to unseat "Tough Tony" Boyle as President of the United Mine Workers, was murdered, along with his wife and daughter, in their Clarksville, Pennsylvania home by assassins acting on Boyle's orders. Boyle was later convicted of the killing. West Virginia miners went on strike the following day in protest.

18 March 1970
The first mass work stoppage in the 195-year history of the Post Office Department began with a walkout of letter carriers in Brooklyn and Manhattan, soon involving 210,000 of the nation's 750,000 postal employees. With mail service virtually paralzyed in New York, Detroit, and Philadelphia, President Nixon declared a state of national emergency and assigned military units to New York City post offices. The stand-off culminated two weeks later.

29 July 1970
United Farm Workers forced California grape growers to sign an agreement after a five-year strike.

3 November 1979
Five labor organizers were killed at the Greensboro Massacre in Greensboro, North Carolina. A rally organized to protest recruitment by the KKK and American Nazi Party at Cone Mills and various other textile mills in the area, where workers were attempting to organize across racial lines, turned violent, resulting in the deaths of the organizers. It was subsequently revealed that U.S. government CIA collaborators marched alongside the KKK and Nazi collaborators, and that the Greensboro Police Department, an agent of the Bureau of Alcohol Tobacco Firearms and Explosives, and a paid FBI informant were all aware of the potential for violence, yet did nothing to prevent it (surprisingly, there was not a single police officer present at the rally).

3 August 1981
Federal air traffic controllers began a nationwide strike after their union rejected the government's final offer for a new contract. Most of the 13,000 striking controllers defied the back-to-work order, and were dismissed by President Reagan on 5 August.

October 1982
A boycott was initiated by the International Association of Machinists against Browne & Sharpe, a machine, precision, measuring and cutting tool manufacturer, headquartered in Rhode Island. The boycott was called after the firm refused to bargain in good faith (withdrawing previously negotiated clauses in the contract), and forced the union into an unwanted and bitter strike during which police sprayed pepper gas on some 800 IAM pickets at the company's North Kingston plant in early 1982. Three weeks later, a machinist narrowly escaped serious injury when a shot fired into the picket line hit his belt buckle. The National Labor Relations Board subsequently charged Brown & Sharpe with regressive bargaining, and of entering into negotiations with the express purpose of not reaching an agreement with the union.

6 October 1986
1,700 female flight attendants won an 18-year lawsuit (which included $37 million in damages) against United Arilines, which had fired them for getting married.

24 October 1987
The 35-member executive council of the AFL-CIO decided unanimously to readmit the 1.6-million member Teamsters Union to its ranks. The scandal-ridden union had been expelled from the federation in 1957. President Jackie Presser was awaiting trial at the time, and the U.S. Justice Department was considering removal of the union's leadership because of possible links to organized crime.

17 September 1989
Ninety-eight miners and a minister occupied the the Pittston Coal Company's Moss 3 preparation plant in Carbo, Virginia, beginning a year-long strike against Pittston Coal. While a month-long Soviet coal strike dominated U.S. news broadcasts, the year-long Pittston strike garnered almost no mainstream press coverage whatsoever


An interesting and illuminating summary for the uninformed ..
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"To Thine Own Self Be True"

 

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#24 ronthecivil

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Posted 13 December 2012 - 02:31 PM

I was cheering for violence? .. where? .. more likely you are being delusional .. pragmatism escapes you? .. as do irony and sarcasm? .. what else is there left? .. perspective .. yes, I would settle for perspective ..


A few posts up....

I'm not saying that people should go out and hurt other people because that would be terribly wrong. But I would not be upset if at the end of all this there were some seriously maimed politicians


I wouldn't be upset if I happened to win the lottery this weekend. Sounds like I want it to happen doesn't it!
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#25 Tearloch7

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Posted 13 December 2012 - 02:42 PM

I'm not saying that people should go out and hurt other people because that would be terribly wrong. But I would not be upset if at the end of all this there were some seriously maimed politicians.


You mean Harbingers quote? .. seems straight forward who said what .. are you mixing metaphors or alcohol with typing again Ron?? .. perception is a gift .. :)
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"To Thine Own Self Be True"

 

"Always tell the Truth. That way, you don’t have to remember what you said"  ~ Mark Twain ~
 


#26 Buddhas Hand

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Posted 13 December 2012 - 03:41 PM

The $5-a-day Workday

After the success of the moving assembly line, Henry Ford had another transformative idea: in January 1914, he startled the world by announcing that Ford Motor Company would pay $5 a day to its workers. The pay increase would also be accompanied by a shorter workday (from nine to eight hours). While this rate didn't automatically apply to every worker, it more than doubled the average autoworker's wage.
While Henry's primary objective was to reduce worker attrition—labor turnover from monotonous assembly line work was high—newspapers from all over the world reported the story as an extraordinary gesture of goodwill.
Thousands of Workers Flock to Detroit

After Ford’s announcement, thousands of prospective workers showed up at the Ford Motor Company employment office. People surged toward Detroit from the American South and the nations of Europe. As expected, employee turnover diminished. And, by creating an eight-hour day, Ford could run three shifts instead of two, increasing productivity.
Henry Ford had reasoned that since it was now possible to build inexpensive cars in volume, more of them could be sold if employees could afford to buy them. The $5 day helped better the lot of all American workers and contributed to the emergence of the American middle class. In the process, Henry Ford had changed manufacturing forever.

Look what happens when a "boss" buys into the theory of enlightened self interest .

Fords actions stopped the efforts to unionise his factories simply because the workers had no need to form unions .
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The Real war is not between the east and the west. The real war is between intelligent and stupid people.

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tony-abbott-and-stephen-harper-custom-da

That men do not learn very much from the lessons of history is the most important of all the lessons that history has to teach.

Aldous Huxley.


#27 ronthecivil

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Posted 13 December 2012 - 03:46 PM

Sure.

It's ironic that we decry the violence when it is violence that forces unions to exist in the first place. They are far from perfect, but necessary.

If employers paid fair wages, benefits, etc...unions wouldn't be necessary. Unions are borne out of bad employers. Unions do take on a life on their own, and there are definite negatives to them, but they are a product of bad employers. So, blaming the unions for protecting bad employees, bloated this or that--all fair game. But if you want to actually get to the root of the problem, ask yourself why we need unions at all.


I have no problem with unions existing and in fact neither does this legislation. What it does is eliminate my main concern we have here with regards to unions. To do some jobs (like say a teacher or a nurse) you have to be in a union. You don't have the chance to opt out. I know the courts here disagree that it doesn't infringe in my free rights of association but I hapen to disagree. All this does is give everybody the choice of whether to be in the union or not.

Of course, even with this in place, you can bet the few people that opt out will be shunned and bullied until they either quit or join the union as per past union practices.
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#28 Jai604

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Posted 13 December 2012 - 06:29 PM

Oh, Skycake. Why are you so deliciouuuussssssss?
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RIP LB RR PD


#29 Common sense

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Posted 13 December 2012 - 08:49 PM

I have no problem with unions existing and in fact neither does this legislation. What it does is eliminate my main concern we have here with regards to unions. To do some jobs (like say a teacher or a nurse) you have to be in a union. You don't have the chance to opt out. I know the courts here disagree that it doesn't infringe in my free rights of association but I hapen to disagree. All this does is give everybody the choice of whether to be in the union or not.

Of course, even with this in place, you can bet the few people that opt out will be shunned and bullied until they either quit or join the union as per past union practices.


A case that is more specific and local is the movie industry here in Vancouver and BC. Here, people have the option of entering into a union or not. Non-union employees make minimum wage, and have no set hours (they could be paid as little 4 hours a day); unionised workers make $21.82/hr and are guaranteed 8 hrs' pay whenever they work - http://www.openfile....ime-movie-extra

From another site:


The pay rate for a non-union Extra is $10 an hour which includes 4% vacation pay. Lunch breaks are not paid. Overtime is paid per the employment standard regulations. All fees are paid by cheque. It generally takes 2 weeks to get to you. Cheques are mailed by productions payroll company not this office and you will need a full mailing address with you each day for this purpose. - http://www.andreabrowncasting.com/



This right-to-work bill will only highlight the downfalls of non-unionisation and cause more workers see the perks of unionisation and thus join a union. Isn't that what the lefites here want?
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#30 ronthecivil

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Posted 14 December 2012 - 09:26 AM

You mean Harbingers quote? .. seems straight forward who said what .. are you mixing metaphors or alcohol with typing again Ron?? .. perception is a gift .. :)


Oops, my bad. But it seems alot of people aligned with your view are none the less chearing for violence. Even in this thread.

We should try to eliminate violence and actually discuss things rationally.
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